Until the Boko Haram Insurgency, Nigeria’s longest and bloodiest conflict was the Nigerian Civil War.
As Nigeria’s only conventional war against another state and the most serious internal security crisis it is pertinent to examine this conflict, the strategic and operational outcomes and what lessons it holds for the future.
Nigeria in 1966 had a Parliamentary system of government with 4 Administrative regions (Northern, Eastern, Western and Mid West) ruled by Premiers with Regional executive powers.
The Civil Wars origins lie in the political crisis in Nigeria’s Western Region which began as a leadership tussle within one political party and exacerbated by the fairly fraudulent 1965 elections leading to street violence and unrest. A group of young officers led by Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu frustrated with the political situation, planned and executed a coup in January 1966 which overthrew the Federal Government killing 2 Regional Premiers, the Prime Minister…
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